Cervical ectropion is a condition in which cells inside the cervix develop outside it and form a red, inflamed patch.

Cervical ectropion, or cervical erosion, is not usually a health concern. However, because of the way it looks, some people might worry that it is an early stage of cervical cancer.

For this reason, it is essential to understand the difference between the two conditions.

This article explores the causes, symptoms, and treatments for cervical ectropion, and whether it has links to cervical cancer.

Many individuals with cervical ectropion do not experience symptoms.

However, the primary symptom of cervical ectropion is a red, inflamed patch at the neck of the cervix.

The transformation zone appears this way because the glandular cells are delicate and irritate easily.

Other symptoms a woman may experience include:

Symptoms may range from mild to severe when they appear.

It is important to note that cervical ectropion is not the only cause of these symptoms. If a woman starts to experience them, they should speak with a doctor to rule out more serious causes.

Some women are born with cervical ectropion. The following factors might also contribute:

Most people with cervical ectropion are not aware they have it. A doctor usually diagnoses it during a routine pelvic examination.

The doctor will need to rule out cervical cancer if a person's cervix looks redder or more inflamed than usual. They may carry out the following tests:

Cervical ectropion is not a harmful condition and does not usually lead to any medical complications. It has no links to cancer and is not harmful to the embryo or the woman if she is pregnant.

The condition typically resolves on its own without treatment, and many people may not even know they have it. If symptoms become painful or uncomfortable, cauterization is usually an effective treatment.

Anyone who has concerns about cervical pain, bleeding during or after sex, or unusual discharge, should consider talking to a doctor.