HPV and HIV are both viruses that cause sexually transmitted infections. The viruses cause different conditions, though people with HIV are more susceptible to HPV than others.

People with untreated HIV are more likely to have active HPV infections and may experience worse symptoms of HPV. HPV prevention is especially important for people with HIV.

These infections have different symptoms, outlook, and treatment. Continue reading to find out more about the differences and links between HPV and HIV.

Men's legs in bed
The transmission of HPV and HIV often occurs during sexual intercourse.

The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). The CDC that almost every sexually active person will get HPV in their lifetime unless they have had the HPV vaccine.

There are many different types of HPV. The virus may not always cause symptoms, but some types can cause genital warts and certain cancers. Most people will not know they have HPV until a doctor detects it during routine screening, such as in a Pap smear, or they develop symptoms of an infection.

Early symptoms of HIV can include fatigue and fever.

Many people with HPV will not develop symptoms because their body fights off the infection. However, the virus often remains dormant in a person's body.

For some, HPV's symptoms will present as genital warts. While genital warts typically appear on or around the genital area, they may also appear on the hands, feet, face, and legs.

Some people who contract HPV may develop cancer as a result. The most common cancer is cervical cancer. However, a person may develop cancers of the vagina, penis, anus, vulva, mouth, or throat as a result of HPV.

Many people who have HIV are not aware that they have it until they get a routine STI test.

An estimated of people with HIV will experience flu-like symptoms around 2 to 4 weeks after contracting the virus. Early symptoms include:

These symptoms of HIV can last a few days or a few weeks. During this time, the risk of sexually transmitting HIV is high, and HIV tests may not yet be able to detect the virus.