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A person can usually stop a nosebleed at home.

When treating a nosebleed, remain calm and do not panic. It may feel like a lot of blood, but a nosebleed is not usually a cause for concern.

To stop a nosebleed, follow these steps:

  • Sit and lean slightly forward, allowing the blood to exit the nose and drip downward. Keep the head above the heart.
  • Gently blow out any mucus from the nose.
  • Pinch the soft portion of the nose, just below the harder cartilage, with the thumb and index finger. Continue holding the pressure for 5 minutes. Breathe through the mouth during this time.
  • Let go of the nose after 5 minutes. If the bleeding has not stopped, hold for another 5 minutes and check again. Continue this process for up to 20 minutes.
  • Apply a cloth-covered cold compress to the nose to reduce inflammation and the likelihood of the bleeding starting again.

After a person's nosebleed has subsided, they should avoid activities that could make it come back, such as picking or blowing the nose.

Allergies or a chronic cold may cause nosebleeds.

According to the , the most common nosebleed causes are exposure to dry or cold air and nose picking.

Other potential nosebleed causes include:

In some instances, a nosebleed can be a symptom of high blood pressure.

Since high blood pressure does not always cause other symptoms, it is important to check blood pressure regularly and see a doctor if a nosebleed continues for a long time.