Nosebleeds occur when blood vessels in the nose burst and blood flows out. In response to this damage, the body forms a blood clot in the nose. It does this to reduce the blood leaking out and to repair damage to the vessels.

Nosebleeds are very common and rarely harmful. The blood clot that forms can vary in size depending on how much blood is present.

The blood clot may come out when removing tissues from the nose, but it can stay there for longer. It is possible to remove a blood clot by gently blowing the nose when the nosebleed stops.

This article discusses the causes and treatments for nosebleeds with clots.

Nosebleeds with clots
Sustaining a blow to the face is a common cause of a nosebleed.

Physical trauma is one of the most of a nosebleed.

Several types of trauma can cause a nosebleed, including:

Trauma to the nose can burst the small blood vessels that line the inside of it, causing blood to leak out.

The most of nosebleed that results from trauma is an anterior nosebleed. These can occur when trauma causes the blood vessels in the lower portion of the septum to burst. The septum is a thin wall of cartilage that separates the nostrils.

In most cases, a nosebleed does not require any specific treatment. When a nosebleed occurs, a blood clot will form to prevent excessive bleeding from the vessels. In most cases, the body itself will start to repair the blood vessels that are causing the nosebleed.

As the blood clot forms, it may be helpful to stop blood from leaking out of the nose. This will speed up the formation of the clot and prevent additional blood loss.

It is possible to stop a nosebleed by following these three steps:

  1. Lean forward so that the head tilts just in front of the chest. This will prevent blood from running down the throat.
  2. Gently pinch the soft parts either side of the nose together with two fingers to stop blood leaking out.
  3. Hold this position for around 10 minutes and wait until the blood stops leaking. If blood is still leaking after this, keep applying gentle pressure to either side of the nose for a further 10 minutes. Repeat until it stops bleeding completely.

If the blood clot is blocking air from passing through the nose, gently blow it out. It is best to wait until the bleeding stops completely before blowing out the blood clot.

Another of nosebleeds is inflammation in and around the nose.

Allergies can cause inflammation in the nasal passages. This is known as . Sinusitis, wherein inflammation affects the sinuses, is a similar condition. In both cases, the inflammation can lead to bleeding from the nose.

These conditions can also cause congestion in the nose. Congestion dilates blood vessels, which makes them more vulnerable to damage and further increases the risk of a nosebleed. The same is also true for other conditions that cause congestion, such as a cold.

If one of these conditions is the cause of the nosebleed, people can follow the same three steps as above to help stop it. That being said, irritation or congestion in the nose can make it less comfortable to apply the pressure and stop the bleeding.

It may also make it harder to breathe if the blood clot is large. A person may wish to focus on trying to breathe through the mouth, and they should avoid applying too much pressure to the nose.

People should also avoid clearing mucus from the nose by blowing or picking it. It is better to use a nasal spray or inhale vaporized water to manage congestion after a nosebleed.

The best method of dealing with these types of nosebleed is to treat the underlying cause. For example, are useful for treating nasal allergies.