Skin cancers include melanoma, basal cell, and squamous cell. Melanoma is a cancer that begins in the melanocytes – the cells that produce the skin coloring or pigment known as melanin. Basal and squamous cell skin cancers are called non-melanomas. Most basal and squamous cell cancers develop on sun-exposed areas of the skin, like the face, ear, neck, lips, and the backs of the hands. Basal cell, squamous cell and melanoma cancers are almost always curable when they are found in the very early stages.